Know your Hair Type

What are the different curly hair types to choose from?
What type of hair do I have?

No need to worry, the multi ethnic curly hair experts are here to help!

Let’s begin by briefly reviewing the chemistry behind your curlicious curls. You are born with either naturally curly hair, or straight hair (or wavy). The amount of curl, wave, or lack thereof, is dependent on the number of disulfide bonds between hair proteins found in the hair shaft; the greater the number of links, the curlier the hair, and the fewer the number of links, the straighter the hair.

Hair is primarily composed of keratin, a protein, which grows from the follicle. Keratins, and other proteins, are formulated in the cells of the hair follicle. All of the proteins become a part of the hair shaft and contain sulfur atoms. When two sulfur atoms pair up and bond, they form a disulfide bond. If the two sulfur atoms in the same protein are at a distance, and join to form the disulfide bond, the protein will bend. This is how your curls are created.

Andre Walker,Oprah’s beloved hair stylist, created a broad-spectrum hair typing system that classifies various hair textures and breaks each hair type down into 4 types with added sub categories. I believe this chart is especially useful when determining what products to use for your hair texture. However, you must realize that this system has its limitations. First of all, most curly women and girls have at least 2 different textures of hair on their head…this chart does not address this variance. Also there are so many different sub categories that can be added to all of the curly sections categories that could and should go beyond A, B, & C. Nonetheless, I do believe it was the first and is the best classification available to date.

Type 1: Straight Hair

Straight hair is classified as a 1. Straight hair reflects the most sheen. It is also the most resilient hair of all of the hair types. It is hard to damage and next to impossible to curl this hair texture. Because the sebum (natural oil produced in the sebaceous glands of the scalp) gently works its way from the scalp to the ends without the interference of curls or kinks, it is the most oily hair texture of all.

Type 2: Wavy Hair

Wavy 2A
Wavy 2B
Wavy 2C

Wavy hair is classified as a 2. Wavy hair lies somewhere between straight and curly hair. It also imparts sheen, more than curly hair, but less than straight hair. The further down the wavy spectrum you go the less sheen the hair will impart. Wavy hair is typically more prone to frizz. While type A wavies can easily alternate between straight and curly styles, type B and C Wavy hair is resistant to styling.

WAVY HAIR STYLING TIP: Because wavy hair is more prone to frizz, anti frizz/humidity protective stylers are key for creating and keeping gorgeous waves. Curls has ideal stylers for this hair type, as they provides the most hold and frizz protection. Keep your fingers out of wavy hair, the more you tousle the more frizz you experience.

Hair Type 2A, 2B, 2C

Product Recommendations:

CleanserCurlicious Curls Cleansing Cream

Clarifying ShampooPure Curls Clarifying Shampoo

Instant ConditionerCoconut Sublime conditioner

Deep ConditionerCurl Ecstasy Hair Tea conditioner

Curl Definer with SheenCurl Gel-les’c

Daily Moisturizer/2nd Day Curl RefresherQuenched Curls Moisturizer

Type 3: Curly Hair

Curly 3A
Curly 3B
Curly 3C

Type 3 hair is curly hair. If you pull a strand of a type 3 curly, you will notice it has a definite S shape. Granted, the S may be a lower case s or upper case S, or it may even resemble a Z on some occasions…however, there is a definite curl pattern in place, with our without products. This hair type is full bodied, climate dependent (humidity = frizz), and damage prone. Lack of proper care renders dull curls.

CURLY HAIR STYLING TIP: Curly hair is the most temperamental hair type If you apply too much styling product= weighed down/greasy looking curls, apply too little styling product = Diana Ross’s 80’s afro! The key to guaranteeing effortless, frizz free curls is proper styling product application. Always start with a fresh, clean palette on day #1. Cleanse, Condition, Moisturize, then apply your styling product of choice, following the recommended CURLS product application technique.

Hair Type 3A, 3B, 3C

Product Recommendations:

CleanserCurlicious Curls Cleansing Cream

Clarifying ShampooPure Curls Clarifying Shampoo

Instant ConditionerCoconut Sublime Moisturizing conditioner

Deep ConditionerCurl Ecstasy Hair Tea conditioner

Curl CreamCurls Milkshake or Curl Soufflé

Curl Definer with SheenCurl Gel-les’c

Daily Moisturizer/2nd Day Curl RefresherQuenched Curls Moisturizer

Type 4: Kinky Hair

Kinky 4A
Kinky 4B
Kinky 4C

Type 4 is Kinky hair. Despite many misconceptions, this tightly coiled hair is quite fine and fragile. It is wiry, and delicate by nature. Each strand usually has a zig zag pattern. Kinky hair is the driest hair type, thus it is more prone to breakage and requires a gentle touch. A misconception exists that this hair type does not grow. Kinky hair grows at the same rate as other texture, however, if not treated properly it breaks more than other textures. Treat this hair type like a fine silk blouse – cleanse gently, detangle softly, and avoid harsh chemicals.

KINKY HAIR CARE TIP: Because kinky hair is dry by nature, and therefore breaks easily, it needs added moisture, daily. Dry hair breaks…well moisturized hair is supple and has elasticity. The key to keeping these natural locks healthy, shiny, and beautiful is to moisturize every step of the way. Start with a creamy, sulfate free, moisturizing cleanser, follow suit with a super hydrating conditioner, prep with a rich moisturizer and style with a rich cream, full of natural oils and rich butters. Look for moisturizing humectants, natural conditioning agents, and exotic extracts to add moisture to these locks. Avoid mineral, and petrolatum oil and heavy waxes.

Hair Type 4A, 4B, 4C

Product Recommendations:

Sulfate Free CleanserCurlicious Curls Cleansing Cream

Hydrating ConditionerCoconut Sublime Moisturizing conditioner

Deep ConditionerCurl Ecstasy Hair Tea conditioner

Curl Definer (Cream)Whipped Cream

Curl Definer with SheenCurl Gel-les’c

Daily Liquid Moisturizer/2nd Day Curl RefresherQuenched Curls Moisturizer

Curl Moisturizer (Cream)Curls Milkshake

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